U.S. Eighth AIr Force Bases
  • First Air Division Stations
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Eighth Air Force
Heavy Bombardment Groups
as of June 6, 1944
359th Fighter Group – RAF East Wretham Close

The group supported the invasion of Normandy during June 1944 by patrolling the English Channel, escorting bombardment formations to the French coast, and dive-bombing and strafing bridges, locomotives, and rail lines near the battle area. During the period July 1944 – February 1945, the group engaged chiefly in escorting bombers to oil refineries, marshaling yards, and other targets in such cities as Ludwigshafen, Stuttgart, Frankfurt, Berlin, Merseburg, and Brux. The 359th FG received a Distinguished Unit Citation for operations over Germany on 11 September 1944 when the group protected a formation of heavy bombers against large numbers of enemy fighters.

368th Fighter Squadron
369th Fighter Squadron
370th Fighter Squadron

20th Fighter Group – RAF Kings Cliffe Close

The 20th Operations Group is a successor organization of the 20th Pursuit Group, one of the 15 original combat air groups formed by the Army before World War II. During World War II the 20th Fighter Group was an Eighth Air Force fighter unit stationed in England. Assigned to RAF Kings Cliffe in 1943. It was oldest USAAF group to be assigned to the Eighth Air Force for extended period, flying 312 combat missions. It was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation for a sweep over Germany on 8 April 1944.

55th Fighter Squadron
77th Fighter Squadron
79th Fighter Squadron

352d Fighter Group – RAF Bodney Close

The 352d Fighter Group was one of the most highly decorated USAAF Fighter Groups in World War II, producing many leading aces of the war. The 352d was composed of three squadrons: (the 328th, 486th and 487th Fighter Squadrons). Once deployed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO), the group was eventually headquartered in Bodney, England before being forward deployed to Belgium. It performed a variety of missions for the Eighth Air Force, but predominantly served as bomber escort. After the war the unit was transferred to the District of Columbia Air National Guard and re-designated the 113th Fighter Group.

328th Fighter Squadron
486th Fighter Squadron
487th Fighter Squadron

356th Fighter Group – RAF Martlesham Heath Close

Deployed to England aboard the RMS Queen Elizabeth and served in combat as part of VIII Fighter Command from October 1943 to May 1945, participating in operations that prepared for the invasion of the Continent, and supporting the landings in Normandy and the subsequent Allied drive across France and Germany. The group flew P-47 Thunderbolts until they were replaced by P-51 Mustangs in November 1944. Aircraft of the 356th were identified by a magenta/blue diamond pattern around their cowling.

359th Fighter Squadron
360th Fighter Squadron
361st Fighter Squadron

364th Fighter Group – RAF Honington Close

The group patrolled the English Channel during the Normandy invasion in June 1944, and, while continuing escort operations, supported ground forces in France after the invasion by strafing and bombing locomotives, marshaling yards, bridges, barges, and other targets.

383d Fighter Squadron
384th Fighter Squadron
385th Fighter Squadron

357th Fighter Group – RAF Leiston Close

The 357th flew 313 combat missions between 11 February 1944 and 25 April 1945. It is officially credited by the U.S. Air Force with having destroyed 595.5 German airplanes in the air and 106.5 on the ground. The 357th existed as a USAAF unit only during World War II and its immediate aftermath.

362d Fighter Squadron
363d Fighter Squadron
364th Fighter Squadron

78th Fighter Group – RAF Duxford Close

The 78th Fighter Group received a Distinguished Unit Citation for activities connected with
the Operation Market-Garden combined ground and airborne attack through on Holland in September 1944 when the group covered troop carrier and bombardment operations and carried out strafing and dive-bombing missions. It suffered its heaviest casualties of the war in this operation. The group received a second DUC for destroying numerous aircraft on five airfields near Prague and Pilsen on 16 April 1945.

82d Fighter Squadron
83d Fighter Squadron
84th Fighter Squadron

55th Fighter Group – RAF Wormingford Close

The unit received a Distinguished Unit Citation for eight missions to Germany between 3 and 13 September 1944 when the group not only destroyed enemy fighters in the air to protect the bombers it was escorting, but also descended to low levels, in spite of intense anti-aircraft fire, to strafe airfields and to destroy enemy aircraft on the ground. Received second DUC for operations on 19 February 1945 when the organization flew a sweep over Germany to hit railway tracks, locomotives, oil cars, goods wagons, troop cars, buildings, and military vehicles. The 55th Flew last combat mission on 21 April 1945.

1st Airborne Command and Control Squadron
38th Reconnaissance Squadron
45th Reconnaissance Squadron
55th Operations Support Squadron
82d Reconnaissance Squadron
95th Reconnaissance Squadron
97th Intelligence Squadron
338th Combat Training Squadron
343d Reconnaissance Squadron
390th Intelligence Squadron
488th Intelligence Squadron

353d Fighter Group – RAF Raydon Close

Equipped with P-47D Thunderbolts, operations commenced on 12 August 1943.
It was the fourth P-47 unit to join the Eighth Air Force. From Metfield the
353d flew numerous counter-air missions and provided escort for bombers that attacked targets in western Europe, made counter-air sweeps over France and the Low Countries, and dive-bombed targets in France. During the Battle of Normandy, the 353d supported the breakthrough at Saint-Lô in July and received the Distinguished Unit Citation for supporting the airborne attack on Holland when the group contributed to the operation by protecting bombers and troop carriers and by strafing and dive-bombing ground targets during the period 17–23 September 1944.

350th Fighter Squadron
351st Fighter Squadron
352d Fighter Squadron

339th Fighter Group – RAF Fowlmere Close

The 339th provided fighter cover over the English Channel and the coast of Normandy during the invasion of France in June 1944. Strafed and dive-bombed vehicles, locomotives, marshaling yards, anti-aircraft batteries, and troops while Allied forces fought to break out of the beachhead in France. Attacked transportation targets as Allied armies drove across France after the breakthrough at Saint-Lô in July. Flew area patrols during the airborne attack on Holland in September. Escorted bombers to, and flew patrols over the battle area during the German counterattack in the Ardennes (Battle of the Bulge), December 1944 – January 1945. Provided area patrols during the assault across the Rhine in March 1945.

503d Fighter Squadron
504th Fighter Squadron

56th Fighter Group – RAF Boxted Close

The 56th was one of three P-47 groups in England, and the only one to previously train on the Thunderbolt. The 4th Fighter Group at RAF Debden had been created the preceding September by incorporating the veteran RAF Eagle squadrons into the USAAF, and the newly arrived 78th Fighter Group at RAF Goxhill had previously flown P-38 Lightnings. Consequently the 56th was the only group of the three to have confidence in their aircraft despite problems of compressibility in dives, and performance teething problems that included poor rate of climb, poor acceleration, numerous engine seizures to oil counterbalance seal failures, ignition system problems, radio interference, and lack of spare parts.

21st Fighter Squadron
62d Fighter Squadron
308th Fighter Squadron
309th Fighter Squadron
310th Fighter Squadron
425th Fighter Squadron

4th Fighter Group – RAF Debden

The unit was activated in England in September 1942. The initial cadre for the group were former U.S. members of RAF Eagle Squadrons. Served in combat over Europe from October 1942 to April 1945. The 4th Fighter Group destroyed more enemy planes in the air and on the ground than any other fighter group of Eighth Air Force. The group operated first with Spitfires but changed to P-47s in March 1943 and to P-51s in April 1944.

333d Fighter Squadron
334th Fighter Squadron
335th Fighter Squadron
336th Fighter Squadron

355th Fighter Group – RAF Steeple Morden Close

The 355th Fighter Group was first activated 12 November 1942. Originally equipped with P-47 Thunderbolts, the group began using P-51 Mustangs in 1944 and quickly gained acclaim as the "Steeple Morden Strafers," a reference to its base in England and its lethal accuracy at low level. The group was under the command of the 65th Fighter Wing of the VIII Fighter Command, Eighth Air Force. Aircraft of the group were identified by white around their cowling and tail.

354th Fighter Squadron
357th Fighter Squadron
358th Fighter Squadron

361st Fighter Group – RAF Little Walden Close

During World War II the group was an Eighth Air Force fighter unit stationed in England. Primarily assigned to RAF Little Walden in 1943. It claimed 226 air and 105 ground aircraft destroyed. It flew its last mission on 20 April 1945. The unit served primarily as an escort organization, covering the penetration, attack, and withdrawal of B-17/B-24 bomber formations that the USAAF sent against targets on the Continent.

374th Fighter Squadron
375th Fighter Squadron
376th Fighter Squadron

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